Temporary Climate Variability for The Period 1965-2016 in The Pedro Moncayo Canton, Ecuador
AbstractThe objective of the study was to determine the climatic variability of Pedro Moncayo canton, to establish methodologies for planning and adaptation of the agricultural production systems of the canton. Meteorological data in the period 1965-2016, various aspects of climate variability and the occurrence of extreme events such as the ENSO phenomenon were analyzed, and how they have influenced the air pressure, precipitation and the temperatures of the canton. The Standardized Precipitation Index and the equation created by Fournier were applied. The results show that the average thermal amplitude was 2.46 ° C, the average temperature increase of 0.5 ° C in the whole-time series analyzed. The period of drought corresponds to the months of May to September and to the rainy season of October to April; and the annual average value is 618 mm per year, with a minimum of 409 mm for 2001 and a maximum of 846 mm for 2008. The characterization of the climate variability of the canton will allow corrective measures of territorial planning and formulate a sustainable management plan of the territory.
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